Underpinning the repurposing of anthracyclines towards colorectal cancer: assessment of topoisomerase II alpha gene copy number alterations in colorectal cancer.

Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology (2013 Dec)
Issue 12 p. 1436-43 issn:1502-7708)

OBJECTIVE. We propose a repurposing strategy where anthracyclines are reintroduced to a subgroup of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with the highest likelihood of response. In breast cancer, DNA topoisomerase II alpha gene (TOP2A) alterations predict incremental benefit of anthracyclines, but this association has not been investigated in colorectal cancer. Frequency analysis of TOP2A gene alterations in colorectal cancer and the association with prognosis are evaluated and the challenges of using a TOP2A/CEN-17 FISH probe combination are addressed. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded material from 154 stage III colorectal cancer patients included in the RANX05 clinical trial was retrospectively assessed for TOP2A gene alterations using FISH. The TOP2A/CEN-17 ratio as well as the TOP2A gene copy number alone was used to define gene alterations and associations between gene status and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS. TOP2A gene gain was a frequent finding with 9.8 % having a total of ?4 TOP2A copies per cell. According to the TOP2A/CEN-17 ratio, 10.5 % had TOP2A gene gain. Polysomy or gain of the centromere region of chromosome-17 was not as frequent as reported in breast cancer. No prognostic characteristic of TOP2A was identified. CONCLUSION. TOP2A gene gain is present in numbers relevant to identify a subgroup of patients who may benefit from anthracycline therapy. Based on the present findings, we will initiate a prospective clinical trial designed to evaluate this hypothesis in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who have failed 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin chemotherapy.

Forfattere: Nygård SB, Christensen IJ, Smith DH, Nielsen SL, Jensen NF, Nielsen HJ, Vainer B, Brünner N

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